Hammams of Manisa...
The basis for the subsistence of the district, which has a population of 16.460 according to data from 2015, is agriculture. The main crops grown in the district are seedless grapes, cotton and fruit. In addition, tobacco, olive, pepper and tomato are among the crops grown in the district.
Ahmetli, which is located west of Salihli and east of Turgutlu, is said to have the most productive vineyards in the Aegean Region. The district surrounded by Boz Mountains from the south is irrigated by Gediz River.
Ahmetli, which has a town center over İzmir – Ankara highway, is a sophisticated district which has easy transportation. Some departments of Celal Bayar University are located in Ahmetli district.
This district of Manisa, which is also known as the “Olive Land”, is one of the most populous districts of the province with a population of approximately 170.000 residents. The most important economical activities of the district, where especially olive and grape farming is done, have exhibited development in the industry sector.
It has been clarified by excavations that Akhisar ant its vicinity has a history line stretching back to Neolithic Age. In addition, with a population determined to be around 12.000 before World War I, Akhisar is known to be once a significant settlement of Saruhan Province within the Ottoman Empire.
While tobacco farming has been the most important source of income for the town until 1980s, olive farming has started to gain dominance at the beginning of 1990s. By the year 2013, a record-breaking revenue of 300 million liras has been generated from olive farming. Akhisar Organized Industrial Zone has become an important center of economic activities not only for Akhisar, but also for other districts in the vicinity.
Akhisar, located northwest of Manisa Province, is a junction which brings nearby districts together. Çağlak Festival in May, which is being celebrated for five centuries now, and Olive Harvest Festival, first organized in 2009, are major cultural events. In addition, Akhisar Belediyespor, the football team of the district, is struggling in the Super Toto Super League.
The district, located along the southeastern borders of the Manisa Province, and settled upon a depression field through which Alaşehir Stream flows, is an important cultural center with its history dating back to 159 B.C. Economy of the district, the population of which is 100.254 according to data of the year 2015, is based on agriculture, husbandry and industry sectors. Many agricultural products, grapes primarily, are grown in the district. There are also 60 grape export companies and 40 grape plants, Tariş Grape Integrated Plant, Suma Factory and Sarıkız Mineral Water Factory located in Alaşehir.
The district, built by the name of “Philadelphia”, meaning “brotherly love”, as an important center of the Pergamon Kingdom, one of ancient period civilizations, has the characteristic of being a region where many civilizations which have passed through the region for centuries left their traces. Many historical artifacts are located in the district embodying traces of Phrygian, Roman, Seljuk, and Ottoman civilizations.
Alaşehir Plain, where the district is located, has very fertile soils thanks both to the climate and to alluvials which have been carried from hills on north and south. Since ancient times, this feature of the district has made the region it is located within famous for vine cultivation. It is said that Byzantine Emperor Manuel Comnenus, who was defeated in Miryokefalon Battle in 1176 against Sultan Kılıç Arslan II and retreated to the region, has gotten his wounds treated in Alaşehir, which used to be a great city and an important military base in old ages.
Historical monuments that have survived to our day in Alaşehir are; Philadelphia (Saint Joanna) Church, Yıldırım Beyazıt Mosque, Şeyh Sinan Mosque and Mausoleum, Stump Minaret Mosque, Yağhane Mosque, Kadı Şeyh Mosque and Mausoleum, Rahmanlı Dede (located in Tepeköy neighborhood). Philaelphia (Saint Joanna) Church is one of the seven churches which are mentioned in the Bible.
Demirci District is located in the northwestern part of Manisa Province in the Central Anatolia Region. The district which is built on western mountainside of Demirci Mountain is the farthest district, with 165 km distance from the city center, among others.
The district, which has quite a rooted history, and developed under the sovereignty of Hittite, Lydian, Persian, Pergamon and Roman civilizations that have been settled in Manisa region, has gone under Turkish rule during Anatolian Principalities Era.
Tobacco, grapes, cherry, olive and apple are the main agricultural products. Demirci District has limited agricultural possibilities due to the rough characteristic of the terrain. While a small amount of fruit cultivation is being carried out in the district, the main source of income is carpet business. A large number of wool, cotton yarn and carpet factories located in Demirci constitute significant economical activities of the district.
In recent years, one of the most important source of income has been wool carpets for mosques, which are produced in the district. There are carpets made in Demirci in mosques in almost every corner of the world. Development of such an export supply in the district has had a positive effect on the economy. In addition, the establishment of Faculty of Education of Celal Bayar University within the boundaries of the district has made contributions to Demirci district both in economical and sociological terms.
Gölmarmara is one of the smallest districts of Manisa Province which is named after Marmara Lake, located 12 km away from the district. Although the district, the population of which is 15.224 according to data from 2015, has been built over the mountainside of Marmara Mountain, settlements have spreaded to plain areas in time.
Marmara Lake, which is a natural alluvial lake, has gained the characteristics of a dam reservoir through artificial channels. Channels which are connected to the lake work for flood control and for the storage of significant amounts of water during rainy seasons and contribute significantly to the irrigation the area during summer months. Also, water of Gediz River has begun to be transferred to the Marmara Lake. Marmara Lake, which is an important wetland, has been recognized as an internationally important wetland due to the diversity of wildlife and 144 water bird species hosted by the lake. In addition, carps, among many other fish species, fished in the lake are known to be quite tasty.
While many agricultural crops; such as melon, tomato, pepper and grapes are cultivated within the boundaries of the district, olive cultivation also proves to be a prominent source of revenue in rural areas of the district. Olive oil, obtained from olives grown in Gölmarmara, is among the highest quality olive oil in the country in respect of its acid ratio.
Gördes is a district with a population of 29.044 according to 2015 data, located in northeastern Manisa. The district, which is a neighboring district to Balıkesir Province through its northern borders, has lands with the view of a plateau which is at 680 meters above sea level and has been crossed with small river valleys. Gordes River (Sand River) passes through the district. Gördes is a district with dense forest lands.
Gordes bears many characteristics of Manisa as an ancient center. Today, no remains of the urban settlement, which is thought to be named during first ages as “Julia Gordos”, can be observed on the ground.
A severe landslide took place in Gordes in 1940, and construction activities of the new settlement began in 1948 at a safe area, which has been decided upon in the light of the results of investigations carried out by experts. Construction of Gordes in its current location was completed as the output of works completed in the year 1966.
Although many of the buildings in the district have an appearance of single storey, uniform houses, multi storey buildings have begun to be constructed in recent years. Economical life of the Gordes District is mostly linked to neighboring districts. Tobacco and poppy production are among the district's sources of income. Today, implementations for the diversification of agricultural products are being carried out in Gordes. In this context, olive trees are planted in the district in order to develop olive cultivation as well.
. The district also has underground sources according to the findings of MTA. Reserves in coal beds in Kalemoğlu area in the district are found to be around 1.350.000 tons. Zeolite is also among underground sources of Gordes. There are zeolite beds which are operated in Bayat area, Bodomaz site, Oğulduruk and Softalar – Kıran neighborhoods.
The district is also famous for Gordes carpets retaining authenticity both with weaving technique along with paint used for dyeing yarns and with shapes they carry on. Gordes carpet weaving, which is being spread since the 17th century, make the district an important center of carpet weaving of western Anatolia.
Kırkağaç, located in the northern section of Manisa Province, is a small district built on the northern mountainside of Yunt Mountains. Although the history of Kırkağaç, the population of which is 43.274 according to 2015 data, is not certainly known, the fact that the first settlement in the district dates back to Ancient Greek period has been discovered at the end of excavations conducted in the district. Remains of Khliara City, which is considered to be the ancestor of the district, were found near the location of the present day settlement.
Main sources of income of the district are agriculture and mining activities. The most important product of the district, where various agricultural products are grown, is melon. Kırkağaç Melon has a reputation that is spread throughout the country. Mines operated in the area also provide employment opportunities for people living in the district.
In addition, 6. Gendarmerie Commando Training Regiment Commandry, which is within the boundaries of the district, is another factor which makes the name of Kırkağaç heard all over the country. Nakrasa and Khilara ancient city remains, stone tombs, historical Çiftehan Mosque, Sarı Hoca Mosque and its broken minaret are must-see historical artifacts.
Köprübaşı district, which is located northeast of Manisa Province, is on Salihli-Demirci road. The district which has an altitude of 250 meters above the sea level, has lands consisting of rugged terrain of moderate heights. Borders of the district, which is located south of Demirci Mountains, encircle a portion of Demirköprü Dam within its boundaries.
It has been understood by signs of human life in caves located in the vicinity of the district that lands surrounding the district have gone through Copper and Bronze ages. “Sidas Ruins” indicate the presence of civilizations of Phrygian, Lydian, Persian empires.
Agriculture is the main livelihood of people in the district. Valleys of Gediz and Demirci streams, which are known as plains locally, and located in the dam area, are the least rugged and the most fertile lands of the district. Strawberry cultivation has gained importance in recent years in the district where many agricultural products are grown. Strawberry cultivation which has spread over 200 hectares of land within a short time has become a very important source of income for the district.
Along with poultry husbandry developed in recent years, freshwater fishing activities carried out in the district, in the coastal area of the dam reservoir have become an important economic contribution. In addition, a vocational high school connected to Celal Bayar University is located within the district.
Kula, which is located on Uşak border, east of Manisa Province, is one of the districts of great historical value of the Aegean Region. Primitive human footprints have been found in Divlit near Demirköprü Dam within the boundaries of the district. These footprints, which are understood to be belonging to an adult and a child, are scientifically and culturally unique remains dated back to 25.000 to 15.000 years ago.
Preservation of footprints is thought to be related to basaltic clinkers erupted from Divlit Hill volcanic cone 2.000 years ago. Ashes and tuffs erupted from Divlit Hill volcanic cone were later covered with a thick layer of mud with the influence of precipitation events. Strabon, the famous historian, called the region as “Katekekaumene” which means “Burnt Land” by referring to these volcanic formations.
The population of the district, which has gained importance by having these primitive footprints, which exist only at four locations around the world, has a population of 45.357 according to 2015 data. Agriculture and carpet weaving are important sources of income for the district. The main characteristic of Kula carpets, which have a rooted history, is their edge borders which are in the form of strips, along with weaving and dyeing techniques. These carpets have thin frames or parallel strips which have small flowers within, instead of large frames in the middle.
Additionally, marble embossments and inscriptions dated back to 56 B.C. have been found in archaeological works conducted in Kula. Many similar archaeological remains have shown that Kula was once an ancient settlement and a crossroads between many major centers. Tomb remains and brick pieces found in Musalca region pinpoint that there was also an ancient Lydian city in the area.
Salihli, which is one of the most populous districts of Manisa Province, also has a significant potential in terms of history, nature and thermal tourism. The district, in which 158,568 people live according to data of the year 2015, is an intersection point where Antalya - Istanbul and Izmir - Ankara highways cross each other.
Salihli, the feature of its being a very old residential area is understood by primitive human footprints that have been found near Sindel and Sarıklı Villages within boundaries of the district, derives its true significance from being the lands upon which the historical city of Sardis has once been established. Being a Lydian city, Sardes is in the position of being the city where money has been used for the first time in the world.
Sardis Ancient City remains (Sart Ruins) and Bintepe King Tombs known also as Anatolian Pyramids located within the district are must-see places for history enthusiasts. Kurşunlu Spas, which have a great potential for thermal energy, have a huge value for thermal tourism.
Economy of the district, which is mainly based on agriculture, agricultural trade and industry, is following a trend of development with the help of Salihli Organized Industrial Zone, which is built on 111 hectares of land. Greenhouse cultivation also takes place in the region by making use of thermal energy. Seedless grapes, wheat, barley, cotton, tobacco and corn are the most important agricultural products of the district. Cherry species, which grows in villages of Salihli and which is called “Napoleon cherry” among locals, is a unique product added to the literature scientifically as Cherry of Salihli.
Expected developments such as transportation and mining investments are expected to move the district a step forward both economically and socially. There are many factories producing goods of well-known brands located at the organized industrial zone of the district, where there is also a vocational high school connected to Celal Bayar University.
Sarıgöl District, which is situated at the southeast corner of Manisa, has a population of 35.966 according to data of the year 2015. Although no written inscription that clarifies the history of district has been found, it is estimated in the light of archaeological remains that an ancient settlement has once been found here. According to rumors among locals, there is a lake under the sea level at the current location of the city, and the district has gotten its current location after the lake has been dried. The region estimated to be a transition point between major ancient centers.
There are favorable lands in the district, which has an economy depending on agricultural activities, for cultivating many agricultural products. Tobacco is grown in the southeastern part of the district, and in areas which has an altitude of 494 meters relative to the district. Melon and capers are among grown products. In recent years, tomatoes, in amounts much enough to be shipped to the rest of the country, have begun to be grown in some villages of the district. In addition, Sarıgöl Plain is said to be the only place where top notch seedless table grapes of Sultaniye are grown. Annually, an average of 210,000 tons of fresh grapes are grown. 60 percent of the harvest is exported as fresh grapes, and 50,000 tons are sold as dry grapes.
Saruhanlı is a district of Manisa which is located 43 meters above sea level, and which has a population of 53.692 according to data pertaining to the year 2015. Although the date of establishment of the district is not known definitely, it is thought to be established during the period of Saruhanlı Principality between the years 1313 and 1437.
The first residents of the area during this period are thought to be nomadic communities which have settled in time. Since immigrants from Balkans were settled in the district, which has been liberated from invasion in the aftermath of the War of Independence, population of the district, today, consists mostly of Balkan immigrants of Turkish descent, the ancestors of whom have migrated to the region back then.
Saruhanlı is a district located in the fertile Gediz Plain, and the Mediterranean climate is dominant in the district. An important branch of the Gediz River; that is, Kum Stream, passes near Saruhanlı, the town center of where is established at the edge of Manisa - Balıkesir highway and railway. Most people in the district generate income by engaging in agricultural activities. Seedless grapes, cotton and corn are grown mostly in the region.
Selendi District, situated on the borderline of Manisa Province with Kütahya and Uşak provinces, is one of the smallest and the least densely populated districts of the province. Selendi has a population of 20.976 according to 2015 data. Selendi Stream, which flows through the borders of the district, and one of the most important branches of Gediz River, is said to carry more water than Gediz River itself during winter months.
The name of the district comes from Slandos, an ancient settlement the remains of which have been encountered in the vicinity of Black Selendi. As for almost all settlements in the region, Slandos, which was connected to the capital of Lydia, is thought to have come under Persian, Macedonian and Byzantine rule.
There is a mine which is currently not operating today in the district, where main source of income is tobacco farming, animal husbandry and agriculture. Small-leaved American type tobaccos produced in Selendi district, in some villages of which cherry production has also been taking place in the last few years, are of quite high value.
Kınık Neigborhood Picnic Area, Flag Monument, rock tombs which are called "infidel houses" among people and the Flag Monument are among places to be visited in the district, which is famous for tarhana, keskek, höşmerim and pastry.
The district having a location so as to be called the northern gate of Manisa Province, is along Savastepe Fault Line, one of Turkey's most active fault lines. The population is 107.075 according to 2015 data. The name of the district is called together with lignite beds being operated as mine pits since 1910. A thermal power plant, where lignite extracted from mines are used, is also within the borders of the district.
In Soma, where the main economical activity is mining and the industry based on mining, many agricultural products are grown as well. The most important river crossing the district is Bakırçay. Sevişler Dam has been constructed on Yağcılar River for irrigation purposes. The main agricultural products grown in the plains are wheat, barley, olives, peas; along with relatively small amounts of cotton, sesame seeds, cherries and grapes.
The name of the district, Soma, is said to originate from “sumac” plant, and there are also rumors that it has transformed into the name of Soma progressively from the name Somaklı. Tahini halva and Turkish delight with walnuts of Soma are famous.
Turgutlu, with a population of 153,687 residents, is the most crowded district of Manisa, when populations of district centers according to data of the year 2015 are taken into consideration. Turgutlu, which is 55 km away from the Aegean Sea, is at an altitude of 78 meters above the sea level.
Turgutlu has been built by Turgud Tribe which has settled in the region during the reign of Sultan Murad II. While the first location of the district was at a high altitude, it has come to its present location on the surrounding plains afterwards. The whole district has burned down and destroyed in a fire set by Greeks after the War of Independence, except for two neighborhoods.
Summers are hot and dry, and winters are warm and rainy in the district where the Mediterranean climate is dominant. Snow and frost are not common. District economy is based on agriculture and industry. Fertile soil of Gediz Basin and Mediterranean climate in the district help grow agricultural products such as seedless grapes, cotton, tobacco, tomato, wheat, cherry, peach, plum and olive.
Peach, cherry, plum and fig cultivation are important in fruit cultivation. Cherries and figs are exported. By the impact of canning factories in the district; tomato, pepper and cucumber cultivation has gained importance. Husbandry continues to develop with the start up of modern farms in recent years. Soil industry in Turgutlu is greatly developed as well. There are dozens of factories in the region, and some among these factories, which export goods within Turkey and worldwide.
Urganli Spas in Turgutlu have a significant tourist potential. Awliya Chelebi speaks highly of the spa with carbon dioxide and bicarbonate containing waters in his text “Traveler's Chronicle”. Karaca Ali Canyon, Küpyar and Ovacik Plateaus are also places of Turgutlu that are worth seeing.