Twin hammams constitute a portion of Sultan Mosque, ordered by Ayşe Hafsa, spouse of Yavuz Sultan Selim and mother of Kanuni Sultan Süleyman, to be built in 1522, facing Muradiye Külliye on İzmir Street of Manisa. The hammam has been completed after the construction of the külliye.
Occupying a vast area on the northeast of Sultan Mosque, the twin hammams stretching along East-West direction have a rectangular layout. The entrance of the male section of the hammam, called Sultan Hammam, opens to the square where the mosque is located.
The hammam consists of changing room (soyunmalık), warm-bath (ılıklık) and hot-bath (sıcaklık) sections. A huge dome covers the changing room section. There is a light well on the dome. Indoor areas are illuminated by seven windows on the dome tambour. Warm-bath section is covered with two adjacent domes. Ornaments on one of these domes is among the most beautiful examples of Ottoman Architecture. Hot-bath section, on the other hand, is covered with a huge dome with star-shaped windows on itself. 12 basins are aligned around the marble stone called “göbek taşı” in the middle.
Female section on the north of the hammam is a duplicate of male section.
Dere Hammam (Gülgün Hatun Hammam):
Gülgün Hatun Hammam, located in Çaybaşı, Manisa, has been constructed during Saruhanoğulları period according to historical records found. Ordered by Gülgün Hatun who was a noble lady of the Family to be built, the hammam is said to be the greatest one among all in Anatolia in the period it has been constructed.
The hammam consists of consists of changing room (soyunmalık), warm-bath (ılıklık) and hot-bath (sıcaklık) sections. The top of the hammam, built of cut stone, rubble stone and brick, is covered with brick domes. Changing room section of the hammam, which has a rectangular plan, is entered from the side of the creek next to it. This section has a square layout and is covered with a dome. A marble stone (göbek taşı) is placed at the middle of warm-bath section covered with a cross vault. Hot-bath section on the south side of the hammam has a cross-like layout, and private chambers are aligned on all four corners of the section.
Çukur Hammam (Pit Hammam):
Located near the Great Mosque in Manisa, the hammam had its name for remaining in a pit area because of the road passing through its southern side. It is understood from historical records that it is a structure encircled by Great Mosque complex, which was ordered by the grandson of Saruhan Bey; namely, İshak Çelebi.
Çukur Hammam has been constructed with a wall pattern of rough cut stones and bricks placed in rows in between them. The hammam consists of consists of changing room (soyunmalık), warm-bath (ılıklık) and hot-bath (sıcaklık) sections. The top of the squarely planned changing room section entered from western direction is covered with a dome. There is a shadirvan with sprinklers in the middle of the structure. Warm-bath section is accessed via a door on the northern side. This section is also covered with a dome. Divans (sedir) are lined around walls. Domed private chambers have been built on four corners of the hot-bath section. The hot-bath section has an iwan, and a section on the northern side has been divided by a short wall and transformed into a private pool called sink for Jewish people to get washed. This shows that there was an old Jew neighborhood between Muradiye Mosque and the Great Mosque, and that this hammam was being visited.
Domes of the hammam are covered with tiles and a light well has been placed in the dome of hot-bath section.
There is no information on when this hammam was built, and the person giving the order of its construction, since the hammam located in Karaköy quarter of Manisa has no epitaph. However, some sources say that its construction was ordered by İvaz Paşa.
Rubble stone and construction materials of old remains have been used in the construction of the hammam. It consists of consists of cold-bath (soğukluk), warm-bath (ılıklık) and hot-bath (sıcaklık) sections. The entrance of the hammam is in the form of a three-domed portico carried by marble columns resting on two Byzantine capitals. The front facade is woven with red bricks and adorned with geometrical shapes. The domed roof of the changing room section is today covered with tiles after repair works.
Disrobing rooms are built around the huge dome covering the cold-bath section. From here, firstly, rectangularly planned warm-bath section covered with four domes, and then hot-bath sections are accessed. Center space of hot-bath section is covered with a dome. Two domed chambers and small sections are built on two sides of the extension towards the külhan (boiler room) of hot-bath section, where an octagonal marble stone lies at the center. A cold water tank and a külhan covered with a portico is located next to this section.
Hüsrev Agha Hammam:
This hammam, located at Sakarya Neighborhood of Manisa, facing Hüsrev Agha Mosque, was built upon the request of Hüsrev Agha in 1558, in order to generate revenue for the mosque. The structure is made of rough stones along with horizontally and vertically furnished bricks, and has a single hammam layout. It has a sharp-pointed, arched portal aligned with western direction. It consists of changing room (soyunmalık), warm-bath (ılıklık) and hot-bath (sıcaklık) sections. Its entrance is topped with a vault, and there are two arched chambers on its two sides with an open frontyard.
The top side of disrobing section of the hammam is a dome covered with tiles. There is also a light well placed on it. This section is squarely planned and an octagonal pool is placed at the center of it. From this section, rectangular-shaped warm-bath section is accessed. The middle portion of this section is topped with a small dome, and its two sides are with cavetto vaults. Hot-bath section is rectangularly-planned, its middle portion is topped with a dome and its both sides are covered with cavetto vaults. An octagonal marble stone (göbek taşı) is placed at its center. From here, two private chambers with domes are accessed. A külhan with a vault is built behind the hamam that crosses the structure along its length.
Examining its architectural style, the hammam located on Murat Street in Manisa is thought to be built in the 15th century. Alaca Hammam has the order of twin hammam layout.
The hammam, during the construction of which rubble stones and flat bricks were used, consists of disrobing room (soyunmalık), warm-bath (ılıklık) and hot-bath (sıcaklık) sections. Disrobing room section is squarely-planned and it is topped with a centric dome with help of Turkish triangles. Through a portal located in here, rectangularly-planned warm-bath section covered with a cavetto vault, and from there, again rectangularly-planned hot-bath section are accessed. Hot-bath section is topped with a centric dome, and other spaces other than the dome are covered with a caisson ceiling. At the end of hot-bath section with an octagonal marble stone (göbek taşı) at its center, two large and domed private chambers are located.
Republic (Yakup Agha) Hammam:
This hammam in Manisa is known to be ordered by Yakup Agha to be built in 1574. In the Ottoman hammam architecture, female and male sections in twin hammam layout are duplicates. Hammam consists of clothing room (soyunmalık), warm-bath (ılıklık) and hot-bath (sıcaklık) sections. Its walls are built from rough cut stones and flat bricks.
Squarely planned clothing room section is topped with a dome and a pool is constructed at its center. Warm-bath section has a rectangular layout. Hot-bath section, accessed via warm-bath section, is quite a large and squarely planned space. Under the trompe-l'œil dome with octagonal hoop covering the top of the section ,on which there is also a light well, an octagonal marble stone (göbek taşı) is placed. The hammam is still being used today.