This madrasa, the oldest one in Manisa, is located in Karaköy quarter. Built with cut stones and bricks, the madrasa exhibits the characteristics of the transition from Principalities Period architecture to Classical Ottoman architecture. It was ordered by Sinan Bey, an educator of 15th century Fatih Sultan Mehmet period, to be constructed.
It is a must-see structure both for domestic and foreign visitors particularly interested in the period and its architecture, and for those who want to learn their own history and culture.
The Mint: (Manisa – City Center)
This 700-year-old structure, built during Saruhanoğulları Principality period and the one of its kind in Turkey, is situated west of the Great Mosque, on northern mountainsides of Mount Spil. The structure, designed as two chambers built side by side of cut and rubble stones, is claimed to be a mint, because of coins dated at 1362 and printed in the name of İlyas Bey of Saruhanoğulları.
The building, restoration works of which were undertaken by the Municipality of Manisa in 2013, stands as a space consisting of two galleries with sharp pointed arches and a domed, squarely shaped area over them. Although there is no certain data as to its date of construction and purpose of use for there is no epitaph found inside, this structure, known as the mint for being called so for a very long time, is an interesting and mysterious one in this regard.
Kula Volcanoes and Fairy Chimneys: (Kula)
Kula and its environment exhibit geological features which has volcanic origins. Surfaces formed by tuffs and lavas erupted from Sandal and Divlit volcanoes, which used to be active thousands of years ago, have done the groundwork for the formation of various land shapes by interacting with natural elements such as rain and wind. The region was called Katakaumene, meaning “Burnt Land” due to these volcanoes and the interesting appearance of the surface formed by the lava flow originating from them.
Fairy chimneys in Kula are such kinds of formations and located in the Burgaz vulcanite region between Burgaz village and Gediz River. Kula Fairy Chimneys have been created with the erosion of sublayers in surfaces where there are volcanic basalts located upon the oldest sediments at the lower level, and the subsequent formation of quite mystical and aesthetical image. Kula Fairy Chimneys, which seem like mysterious structures designed by the hands of the nature, are among the must-see beauties of Manisa Travel Guide.
To reach Kula: On İzmir-Ankara E 23 Motorway, buses travelling from Ankara to İzmir or those travelling from İzmir to Ankara can be taken. The distance between Manisa and Kula is 124 km, and it is 150 km between İzmir and Kula. To travel to Kula from Manisa, Turgutlu-Salihli buses that leave Manisa Bus Terminal every 20 minutes can be taken, or Manisa-Salihli buses can be taken and then, a transfer to minibuses travelling to Kula can be done in Salihli. Kula minibuses travel in Salihli-Kula and Kula-Salihli directions and these minibuses leave their terminals in every 15 minutes.
Fossil Footprints: (Salihli)
Although the oldest historical feature of the region, where Manisa province is established upon, is attributed to the Ancient Greek Civilization and the Lydians, it is not difficult, in fact, to notice that the area of interest has been an important site for people, since even older ages. In addition, these older ages go back to the period between 15.000 and 25.000 B.C. Or, at least, footprints that are discovered in the Hill of Coyotes (Çakallar Tepesi) near Sindel village of Salihli point out to these dates.
Due to volcanic structure of the region, footprints left in the mud by humans lived 20.000 years ago have been solidified by being baked just like bricks, for being exposed to hot volcanic ashes, and preserved to our day without getting disintegrated. Until today, footprints of our species that are dating back to such old times have been found only in 4 other places other than Salihli throughout the world. However, those in Salihli are distinguished from others in the respect that they belong to more than one individual. Of great value for the history of humankind, these footprints are extraordinary natural remains which must definitely be visited, and which compel visitors to drean of their ancestors 20.000 years ago, walking on their bare feet in the mud in the region.
To reach Salihli: The greatest advantage of Salihli in transportation is that it is located on İzmir-Ankara motorway and İzmir-Uşak railway line. The district can be accessed via both motorways and railways. The nearest ports and airports are at İzmir, at a distance of 96 km. Minibuses working in the district go to villages for a few times every day.